Safety data

Read the Minneapolis traffic safety data, studies and statistics.

Vision Zero, By the Numbers

Vision Zero uses data to target improvements that will

  • Reduce crashes
  • Save lives
  • Address inequities experienced on the street related to crashes

Each year, about 166 people die or suffer from severe injuries in traffic crashes on Minneapolis streets (Average from 2016 to 2019). That is unacceptable and preventable. The number of people killed or severely injured lowered from the mid-2000s until 2014. Its been on the rise in recent years.

Crashes more likely on certain streets

Minneapolis crashes and injuries happen more often on a small percentage of streets.

These streets often have a high amount of activity

  • Walking
  • Biking
  • Transit
  • Driving

The high-injury streets map 

  • The map shows the 9 percent of Minneapolis streets that, all together, had 70 percent of severe and fatal crashes between 2007 and 2016.
  • Many crash concentration corridors are on four-lane undivided streets without dedicated turn-lanes.
  • Streets with higher speed limits generally have more crashes, including severe crashes.
Map of Minneapolis showing the high injury prone streets.

Minneapolis Traffic Safety Facts

Native American and Black residents are disproportionately impacted by traffic deaths

Bar graph that shows that Native American and Black residents of Minneapolis were disproportionately impacted by traffic deaths over 10 years from 2009-2018.

Source: NHTSA Fatality and Injury Reporting System Tool for 2009-2018 and United States Census Bureau 2010-2019.

Native American and Black residents of Minneapolis were disproportionately impacted by traffic deaths over 10 years from 2009-2018. This means that, when compared to their population size, traffic deaths affect them more than other groups. 

Native American residents impacts

Native American residents are 1% of Minneapolis population, but are 4% of people killed in traffic crashes.

Black residents impacts

Black residents are 19% of Minneapolis population, but are 26% of people killed in traffic crashes.

More residents impact (Not disproportionately affected)

Latino residents are 10% of the population and are 9% of people killed in traffic crashes.

White and Asian residents are less likely to die in traffic crashes.

Crashes are more concentrated in lower income neighborhoods

Traffic crashes per resident with demographic trends. Text described on page due to character limits. Source: MNCMAT Data 2010 - 2019. 2013-2017 American Community Survey

Traffic crashes per resident with demographic trends

  • 36 percent of all crashes happened in ACP50 Cenus tracts.
  • 28 percent of the population lives in ACP50 Census tracts (2012 - 2016 data).
  • 40 percent of all crashes outside of downtown occured in ACP50 census tracts.
  • 70 percent of ACP50 census tracts have more than 200 crashes per 1,000 residents.
  • Only 40 percent of all Minneapolis cencus tracts have more than 200 crashes per 1,000 residents.
  • 33 of the 116 Minneapolis tracts (29 percent) are labelled as ACP50 Tracts.

What "Areas of Concentrated Poverty 50 (ACP50) census tracts" means

These are lower income neighborhoods where 50% of neighborhoods are People of Color.

Map of Minneapolis streets showing populations with takeaway: Crashes in lower income neighborhoods 28% of Minneapolis residents live in ACP50 areas. 43% of all severe injury and deadly crashes happen in these neighborhoods.These accidents happen on 24% of our Minneapolis streets.

Crashes in lower income neighborhoods

  • 28% of Minneapolis residents live in ACP50 areas.
  • 43% of all severe injury and deadly crashes happen in these neighborhoods.
  • These accidents happen on 24% of our Minneapolis streets.

Bicyclists and pedestrians overrepresented in severe traffic injuries and deaths

 Bar chart depicting that bicyclists and pedestrians are overrepresented in severe traffic injuries and deaths. Source: Injuries/deaths from Vision Zero Crash Study, percent of trips from 2010 Met Council Travel behavior inventory. Auto category includes cars, trucks and motorcycles, but not transit.

Pedestrians

People in Minneapolis make 15 percent of their trips by walking or rolling. These pedestrians are 29 percent of severe traffic injuries and deaths.

Bicylists

People in Minneapolis make 4 percent of their trips by bicycle. Bicyclists are 16 percent of severe traffic injuries and deaths.

Other groups (not overrepresented)

People in Minneapolis make 67 percent of their trips by automobile. Automobile crashes make up 55 percent of severe traffic injuries and deaths.

Speed is a major factor in crashes

Art of crowd of people in white. The people in red depict deaths. Takaway: A person hit at 20 miles per hour has a 13% likelihood of suffering a severe injury or dying. A person hit at 30 miles per hour has a 40% likelihood of suffering a severe injury or dying. A person hit at 40 miles per hour has a 73% likelihood of suffering a severe injury or dying.

Why traffic speed matters for safety

Higher traffic speeds make crashes more likely to happen. It also makes crashes more likely to end in severe injury or death. This is especially true for people walking or rolling and biking.

  • A person hit at 20 miles per hour has a 13% likelihood of suffering a severe injury or dying.
  • A person hit at 30 miles per hour has a 40% likelihood of suffering a severe injury or dying.
  • A person hit at 40 miles per hour has a 73% likelihood of suffering a severe injury or dying.

The risk of severe injury or death is higher for older adults.

(National research)

The five unsafe driving behaviors

Five unsafe behaviors lead to most crashes

The five behaviors that lead to the most severe and fatal crashes on Minneapolis streets 

  • Red light running
  • Speeding
  • Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  • Unsafe turning (failing to yield the right-of-way when turning)
  • Distracted driving

 

Map with various icons showing the top 5 unsafe behaviors on Mpls streets. Red light running, Speeding, Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, Unsafe turning (failing to yield the right-of-way when turning), distracted driving.

Source: Analysis of crash dataset used in the 2019 Vision Zero Crash Study.

Read more safety data

Read the full Pedestrian Crash Study and Vision Zero Crash Study. These studies analyze vehicle and bicycle crashes and show our findings.

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