Preventing Smoking & Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Before, During, & After Pregnancy
What is Third-hand Smoke? Is it Hazardous? (Scientific American, 2009)
Prenatal Substance Use Reporting Law and Resources
Reporting of prenatal alcohol and marijuana use to local welfare agencies is no longer mandated for certain service providers
Who is exempt from reporting?
Health care and social service professionals providing prenatal care or other health care services during pregnancy.
The law defines prenatal care as the comprehensive package of medical and psychological support provided during pregnancy.
Why was the law changed?
The law was changed to create a safer environment for pregnant women to disclose and address their alcohol and marijuana use.
Focus groups conducted in the Twin Cities revealed that many women delayed entry into prenatal care because they feared that they might lose their babies if they were reported for substance use. They stated they wanted to talk openly with their health care providers about their alcohol or drug use in a safe setting and get help to quit.
Substance-free pregnancies can best be promoted within the context of a trusting relationship with a prenatal care provider. Providers can now tailor their messages about alcohol and marijuana cessation to individual needs and reinforce these messages at each prenatal visit. They can explain the risks and provide resources and support to deal with the many stressors women confront. Providers can refer women for an assessment if needed, or if they feel that their county program is the best option for an individual, they may make a voluntarily report.
Brief interventions can be as simple as a few sentences: Stating concern about the individual's alcohol or marijuana use. Describing how the use may cause harm. Advising to stop or reduce use.
Other approaches recommend sharing screening results and providing recommendations about abstaining from alcohol and drug use during pregnancy. Asking patients/clients for their views about their use and listening carefully. Providing medical advice and negotiating options to pursue including developing a goal and an action plan.
A variety of helpful brief reports, manuals and free online trainings are available that describe these techniques. Although these typically focus on alcohol use, the techniques are also appropriate for marijuana use.
Screening for Alcohol Use & Alcohol-Related Problems (NIAAA Alcohol Alert #65)
Brief Interventions (NIAAA Alcohol Alert #66)
Screening and Brief Intervention for Unhealthy Alcohol Use (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Helping Patients Who Drink Too Much (NIAAA)
Information on Coding for Reimbursement
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration has a website on Comprehensive information on Screening, Brief Intervention, Referral and Treatment (SBIRT), including specific tools and information on coding for reimbursement.
Online Training Option
Bulk copies of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services brochures (referenced on the Educational Materials: Safe Sleep webpage) may be ordered though the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
Materials can also be ordered from the Safe to Sleep Public Education Campaign website.
Please click on the links below to view educational materials related to decreasing infant mortality. For information on how to obtain printed copies, feel free to call Minneapolis Healthy Start at (612) 673-2622.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
For information on the prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and to learn more about grant opportunities for your clinic to implement consistent prenatal alcohol screening, visit the Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (MOFAS) website.
If you need this material in an alternative format please call Minneapolis Department of Health at (612) 673-2301 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Deaf and hard-of-hearing persons may use a relay service to call 311 agents at (612) 673-3000. TTY users may call (612) 673-2157 or (612) 673-2626.
Attention: If you have any questions regarding this material please call Minneapolis Department of Health (612) 673-2301. Hmong - Ceeb toom. Yog koj xav tau kev pab txhais cov xov no rau koj dawb, hu (612) 673-2800; Spanish - Atencion. Si desea recibir asistencia gratuita para traducir esta informacion, llama (612) 673-2700; Somali - Ogow. Haddii aad dooneyso in lagaa kaalmeeyo tarjamadda macluumaadkani oo lacag la' aan wac (612) 673-3500.
Last updated Jul 22, 2015