Individual and family assistance

There are many programs and opportunities established to assist individuals and families through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Below is a list of those programs or opportunities, with links to the federal agencies that are directing resources.

01. Aging Services Programs -    Elderly Nutrition Programs
02. Alternative Minimum Tax Relief
03. American Opportunity Education Tax Credit
04. Child Care Development Block Grant
05. Child Care Tax Credit
06. Child Support Enforcement
07. Commodity Assistance Program - Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)
08. Community Health Centers - Health Resources and Services
09. Community Service Employment for Older Americans
10. Community Services Block Grant
11. Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
12. Economic Recovery Payments for Certain People - Social Security, Railroad, and Veteran's Benefits
13. Emergency Food and Shelter
14. Home Weatherization Assistance Program   
15. Homeless Assistance Grants - Local Grants
16. Making Work Pay Tax Credit
17. Medicaid – FMAP Increase
18. Medicaid - Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) Payments
19. Medicaid - Title IV-E (Foster Care, Adoption and Guardianship Assistance)
20. Plug-In Electric Vehicle Credit
21. Refundable First Time Home Buyer Credit
22. Rehabilitation Services – Independent Living - Independent Living Centers Grants
23. Rehabilitation Services – Independent Living - State Grants
24. Rehabilitation Services – Independent Living - Services for Older Blind Individuals
25. Residential Energy Efficiency Property Tax Credit
26. Residential Energy Property Credit
27. Senior Meals Program – Tribal Grants
28. Small Business Capital Gains
29. Social Security Administration- Disability Determinations
30. Social Security Administration - Technology Upgrades
31. Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program - Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
32. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Prgram - Tribal Administration
33. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) - Foodshare Benefits
34. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
35. Transportation Fringe Benefits
36. Unemployment Benefits Taxation Suspension
37. Unemployment Insurance (UI) State Administration - UI Administration
38. Unemployment Insurance (UI) State Administration - Emergency Unemployment
Compensation
39. Unemployment Insurance (UI) State Administration - Weekly Benefit Check Amount Increase
40. Vehicle Purchase Sales Tax Deduction
41. YouthBuild

01. AGING SERVICES PROGRAM – Elderly nutrition programs

Description: Provides funding to increase the number of meals delivered to homebound seniors and the support of congregate meal programs for the elderly.
Funding Mechanism: Formula allocation to the state and distributed to local governments.
Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.aoa.gov

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02. ALTERNATIVE MINIMUM TAX RELIEF

Description: Provides an extension of Alternative Minimum Tax Relief for 2009 that increases the alternative minimum tax exemption amount to $70,950 for married couples filing jointly, to $46,700 for single tax filers and to $35,475 for married filers filing separately.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

03. AMERICAN OPPORTUNITY EDUCATION TAX CREDIT

Description: Provides financial assistance for individuals seeking a college education. For 2009 and 2010, provides taxpayers with a new tax credit of up to $2,500 for the cost of tuition and related expenses paid during the taxable year.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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04. CHILD CARE DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANT

Description: Provides a temporary increase to states to provide subsidized child care services for low-income families and to improve the quality and supply of child care for all families.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ccb/ccdf/index.htm

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05. CHILD CARE TAX CREDIT

Description: Increases the eligibility for the refundable portion of the child care credit. For 2008, the tax credit is refundable to the extent that 15% of the taxpayer's earned income is in excess of $8,500. The new provision will reduce this floor to $3,000 for 2009 and 2010.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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06. CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT

Description: Allows states to match federal incentive payments that states reinvest in child support enforcement programs from the period of Oct. 1, 2008 to Sept. 30, 2010.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cse/

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07. COMMODITY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM - Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)

Description: Provides funding to increase the number of low-income families that would be eligible to receive assistance through The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) agencies. TEFAP is a federal program that provides commodities to low-income families. The increased funding is for both commodities and the distribution of these commodities.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.fns.usda.gov/fdd/programs/tefap

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08. COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTERS - Health Resources and Services

Description: Provides funding to increase services provided at Community Health Centers for uninsured and underinsured populations
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
bphc.hrsa.gov

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09. COMMUNITY SERVICE EMPLOYMENT FOR OLDER AMERICANS

Description: Provides funding to provide training and assistance with job placement for workers over age 55 with significant employment barriers, including disabilities, poor work history, and low skills.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.doleta.gov/seniors/

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10. COMMUNITY SERVICES BLOCK GRANT

Description: Provides assistance to local community action agencies to alleviate the causes and conditions of poverty in communities. Funds are to be used to provide services and activities addressing employment, education, better use of available income, housing, nutrition, emergency services and/or health.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/csbg/  

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11. EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT (EITC)

Description: Increases the Earned Income Tax Credit for married families with 3 or more children for 2009 and 2010.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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12. ECONOMIC RECOVERY PAYMENTS FOR CERTAIN PEOPLE - Social Security, Railroad, and Veteran's Benefits

Description: Provides a one-time economic recovery payment to eligible recipients of Supplemental Security Income, Social Security, railroad benefits, veteran's disability benefits and pension recipients.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.ssa.gov

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13. EMERGENCY FOOD AND SHELTER

Description: Provides funding to help local community organizations provide food, shelter and support services to the nation’s hungry, homeless, and people in economic crisis. Funds include one-month utility payments to prevent service cut-off as well as a one-month rent or mortgage assistance to prevent evictions or help people leave shelters.
Funding Mechanism:

leaving shelters to establish stable living conditions.
Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.fema.gov/news/newsrelease.fema?id=32131

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14. HOME WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

Description: Provides funding to help low-income families reduce their energy costs by weatherizing their homes to make our country more energy efficient.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

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15. HOMELESS ASSISTANCE GRANTS - Local Grants

Description: Provides funding for homeless prevention and re-housing activities, such as rental assistance, housing relocation and stabilization efforts.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.hud.gov/recovery/

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16. MAKING WORK PAY TAX CREDIT

Description: Provides a refundable tax credit for 2009 and 2010 of up to $400 for working individuals and $800 for working families. The tax credit phases out for individuals making $100,000 per year and for couples making $200,000 per year. Taxpayers can receive this benefit through a reduction in the amount of income tax that is withheld from their paychecks or through claiming the credit on their tax returns.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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17. MEDICAID - FMAP Increase

Description: Provides a temporary increase in FMAP of 6.2%, effective October 1 through December 31, 2010. Additional FMAP increases for higher unemployment.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.cms.hhs.gov/home/medicaid.asp

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18. MEDICAID - Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) Payments

Description: Temporary 2.5% increase in the state DSH allotment for FYs 2009 and 2010.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.medicaid.gov

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19. MEDICAID - Title IV-E (Foster Care, Adoption and Guardianship Assistance)

Description: Provides a temporary increase of 6.2% in the Federal Medical Assistance Percentage which is a federal reimbursement to states for the costs of children placed in foster homes or other types of out-of-home care under a court order or a voluntary placement agreement. The increase is for foster care, adoption, and guardianship assistance payments and specifically excludes administrative expenses.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/f_subsid.cfm

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20. PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CREDIT

Description: Allows a $2,500 tax credit for the first 200,000 plug-in electric vehicles. The credit is reduced after the 200,000th vehicle. Low speed vehicles qualify for new credit. Credit to offset alternative minimum tax for tax years beginning 2010.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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21. REFUNDABLE FIRST-TIME HOME BUYER CREDIT

Description: Increases the maximum first time homebuyer credit from $7,500 to $8,000 and removes repayment requirement after 36 months.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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22. REHABILITATION SERVICES - INDEPENDENT LIVING - Independent Living Centers Grants

Description: Provides funding to consumer-directed, non-profit organizations to provide four core services: peer support, information and referral, independent living skills training and person and systems advocacy. Some centers provide additional services such as community education, training on the Americans with Disabilities Act, personal care and service coordination
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
ed.gov

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23. REHABILITATION SERVICES - INDEPENDENT LIVING - State Grants

Description: There is a 10% match requirement in order to draw these additional federal funds. (Title IV of WIA; The Rehabilitation Act; Title VII Chapter 1 Part B).
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www2.ed.gov/programs/rsailstate

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24. REHABILITATION SERVICES - INDEPENDENT LIVING - Services for Older Blind Individuals

Description: Provides funding to serve older people who have become blind, to enable them to live independently with this new disability, preventing out-of-home placements.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.ed.gov

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25. RESIDENTIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROPERTY TAX CREDIT

Description: Removes maximum credit cap for installation of residential wind, geothermal, solar thermal property (solar hot water property, geothermal heat pumps, wind energy property). Internal Revenue Code (SEC 25D).
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

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26. RESIDENTIAL ENERGY PROPERTY CREDIT

Description: Increases the credit from 10% to 30% for nonbusiness energy property (up to a $1,500 per residence cap). Applies to 2009 and 2010 tax years. Internal Revenue Code (SEC 25C)
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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27. SENIOR MEALS PROGRAM - Tribal Grants

Description: The Administration on Aging’s (AoA) Elderly Nutrition Program provides grants to support nutrition services to older people throughout the country. The Elderly Nutrition Program, authorized under Title III, Grants for State and Community Programs on Aging, and Title VI, Grants for Native Americans, under the Older Americans Act, is intended to improve the dietary intakes of participants and to offer participants opportunities to form new friendships and to create informal support networks.
Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.fns.usda.gov/fdd/programs/fdpir/

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28. SMALL BUSINESS CAPITAL GAINS

Description: Allow a 75% exclusion for individuals on the gain from the sale of certain small business stock held for more than five years. This change is for stock issued after the date of enactment and before January 1, 2011.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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29. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION - Disability Determinations

Description: Provides funding to process disability and retirement claims more quickly and prevent existing backlogs from growing. Funding can also be used to upgrade technology to encourage the use of electronic health records in the disability adjudication process.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.ssa.gov

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30. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION - Technology Upgrades

Description: Provides funding for the Social Security Administration (SSA) to update its computer center to meet the growing needs for processing retirement and disability claims and records storage.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.ssa.gov

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31. SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM - Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

Description: Provides funding to increase the number of WIC participants who receive supplemental nutritional support should cost or caseload exceed budget estimates. WIC benefits include supplemental nutritious foods, nutrition education and the support of breastfeeding.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.fns.usda.gov/wic

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32. SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM - Tribal Administration

Description: The bill provides funds for the administration of the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations.
Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.fns.usda.gov/fdd/programs/fdpir/

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33. SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (SNAP) - Foodshare Benefits

Description: Provides a 13.6 % increase in the maximum SNAP benefit April 1, 2009 through September 30, 2010. Individuals with income below 200% of the federal poverty level are eligible for these benefits.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.fns.usda.gov/snap/

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34. TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE TO NEEDY FAMILIES (TANF)

Description: Creates an emergency contingency fund for states with increased expenses due to increases in caseloads in TANF programs, including basic assistance, non-recurrent short-term benefits and subsidized employment.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/tanf/about.html

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35. TRANSPORTATION FRINGE BENEFITS

Description: Increases income exclusion from $120/month to $230/month for employer-provided transit pass and vanpooling benefits for 2009 and 2010.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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36. UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS TAXATION SUSPENSION

Description: Excludes the first $2,400 of unemployment compensation from gross income for tax purposes in 2009.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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37. UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE (UI) STATE ADMINISTRATION - UI Administration

Description: Provides funds to states to increase unemployment insurance coverage for low-wage, part-time, and other jobless workers. Includes funds for administration of the Unemployment Insurance (UI) modernization provision of the Act, improved outreach to potentially eligible individuals, improved UI benefit and tax operations, and staff-assisted reemployment services for UI claimants.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:
www.uimn.org/
Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.dol.gov/dol/topic/unemployment-insurance/

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38. UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE (UI) STATE ADMINISTRATION - Emergency Unemployment Compensation

Description: Extends federally funded Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC) until 12/31/09.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:
www.uimn.org/
Federal Agency:

Federal website:
ows.doleta.gov/unemploy/

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39. UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE (UI) STATE ADMINISTRATION - Weekly Benefit Check Amount Increase

Description: Provides for a $25 increase in weekly unemployment benefit checks.
Funding Mechanism: Increased weekly benefits and associated administrative costs will be federally funded.
Responsibility for Implementation:
www.uimn.org/
Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.dol.gov/dol/topic/unemployment-insurance/

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40. VEHICLE PURCHASE SALES TAX DEDUCTION

Description: Provides a federal income tax deduction of state and local sales taxes paid on new car, light truck and SUV purchases
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.irs.gov

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41. YOUTHBUILD

Description: Provides funding for Youthbuild activities. In YouthBuild programs, low-income young people ages 16-24 work toward their GED or high school diploma while learning job skills by building affordable housing for homeless and low-income people. Strong emphasis is placed on leadership development and community service.
Funding Mechanism:

Eligible Entities:

Responsibility for Implementation:

Federal Agency:

Federal website:
www.youthbuild.org

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Last updated May 3, 2012