Laws and Ordinances
Subdivision 1. Obey traffic-control signals. Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic-control
signals at intersections as heretofore declared in this chapter, but at all other places pedestrians
shall be accorded the privileges and shall be subject to the restrictions stated in this section
and section 169.22.
Subd. 2. Rights in absence of signal. (a) Where traffic-control signals are not in place or in
operation, the driver of a vehicle shall stop to yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian crossing the
roadway within a marked crosswalk or at an intersection with no marked crosswalk. The driver
must remain stopped until the pedestrian has passed the lane in which the vehicle is stopped. No
pedestrian shall suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a
vehicle which is so close that it is impossible for the driver to yield. This provision shall not apply
under the conditions as otherwise provided in this subdivision.
(b) When any vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at an intersection with no marked
crosswalk to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of any other vehicle approaching
from the rear shall not overtake and pass the stopped vehicle.
(c) It is unlawful for any person to drive a motor vehicle through a column of school children
crossing a street or highway or past a member of a school safety patrol or adult crossing guard,
while the member of the school safety patrol or adult crossing guard is directing the movement of
children across a street or highway and while the school safety patrol member or adult crossing
guard is holding an official signal in the stop position. A peace officer may arrest the driver of a
motor vehicle if the peace officer has probable cause to believe that the driver has operated the
vehicle in violation of this paragraph within the past four hours.
(d) A person who violates this subdivision is guilty of a misdemeanor. A person who violates
this subdivision a second or subsequent time within one year of a previous conviction under this
subdivision is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
Subd. 3. Crossing between intersections. (a) Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any
point other than within a marked crosswalk or at an intersection with no marked crosswalk shall
yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
(b) Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead
pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the
(c) Between adjacent intersections at which traffic-control signals are in operation
pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.
(d) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this section every driver of a vehicle shall (1)
exercise due care to avoid colliding with any bicycle or pedestrian upon any roadway and (2) give
an audible signal when necessary and exercise proper precaution upon observing any child or any
obviously confused or incapacitated person upon a roadway.
Subd. 4. Use right half of crosswalk. Pedestrians shall move when practicable upon the
right half of crosswalks.
Subd. 5. Walk on left side of roadway. Pedestrians when walking or moving in a wheelchair
along a roadway shall, when practicable, walk or move on the left side of the roadway or its
shoulder giving way to oncoming traffic. Where sidewalks are provided and are accessible and
usable it shall be unlawful for any pedestrian to walk or move in a wheelchair along and upon
an adjacent roadway.
169.06 SIGNS, SIGNALS, MARKINGS.
Subd. 5. Traffic-control signal. (a) Whenever traffic is controlled by traffic-control signals
exhibiting different colored lights, or colored lighted arrows, successively one at a time or in
combination, only the colors Green, Red, and Yellow shall be used, except for special pedestrian
signals carrying a word or legend. The traffic-control signal lights or colored lighted arrows
indicate and apply to drivers of vehicles and pedestrians as follows:
(1) Green indication:
(i) Vehicular traffic facing a circular green signal may proceed straight through or turn right
or left unless a sign at such place prohibits either turn. But vehicular traffic, including vehicles
turning right or left, shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully
within the intersection or adjacent crosswalk at the time this signal is exhibited.
(ii) Vehicular traffic facing a green arrow signal, shown alone or in combination with another
indication, may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by the
arrow, or other movement as permitted by other indications shown at the same time. Such
vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk
and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.
(iii) Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal as provided in subdivision 6,
pedestrians facing any green signal, except when the sole green signal is a turn arrow, may proceed
across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk. Every driver of a vehicle shall
yield the right-of-way to such pedestrian, except that the pedestrian shall yield the right-of-way to
vehicles lawfully within the intersection at the time that the green signal indication is first shown.
(2) Steady yellow indication:
(i) Vehicular traffic facing a circular yellow signal is thereby warned that the related green
movement is being terminated or that a red indication will be exhibited immediately thereafter
when vehicular traffic must not enter the intersection, except for the continued movement allowed
by any green arrow indication simultaneously exhibited.
(ii) Pedestrians facing a circular yellow signal, unless otherwise directed by a
pedestrian-control signal as provided in subdivision 6, are thereby advised that there is insufficient
time to cross the roadway before a red indication is shown and no pedestrian shall then start
to cross the roadway.
(iii) Vehicular traffic facing a steady yellow arrow signal is thereby warned that the
protected vehicular movement permitted by the corresponding prior green arrow indication
is being terminated.
(3) Steady red indication:
(i) Vehicular traffic facing a circular red signal alone must stop at a clearly marked stop line
but, if none, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then
before entering the intersection and shall remain standing until a green indication is shown,
except as follows: (A) the driver of a vehicle stopped as close as practicable at the entrance to the
crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then at the entrance to the intersection
in obedience to a red or stop signal, and with the intention of making a right turn may make the
right turn, after stopping, unless an official sign has been erected prohibiting such movement, but
shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and other traffic lawfully proceeding as directed by the
signal at that intersection; or (B) the driver of a vehicle on a one-way street intersecting another
one-way street on which traffic moves to the left shall stop in obedience to a red or stop signal
and may then make a left turn into the one-way street, unless an official sign has been erected
prohibiting the movement, but shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and other traffic lawfully
proceeding as directed by the signal at that intersection.
(ii) Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal as provided in subdivision 6,
pedestrians facing a steady red signal alone shall not enter the roadway.
(iii) Vehicular traffic facing a steady red arrow signal, with the intention of making a
movement indicated by the arrow, must stop at a clearly marked stop line but, if none, before
entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then before entering
the intersection and must remain standing until a permissive signal indication permitting the
movement indicated by the red arrow is displayed, except as follows: when an official sign has
been erected permitting a turn on a red arrow signal, the vehicular traffic facing a red arrow
signal indication is permitted to enter the intersection to turn right, or to turn left from a one-way
street into a one-way street on which traffic moves to the left, after stopping, but must yield
the right-of-way to pedestrians and other traffic lawfully proceeding as directed by the signal
at that intersection.
(b) In the event an official traffic-control signal is erected and maintained at a place other
than an intersection, the provisions of this section are applicable except those which can have no
application. Any stop required must be made at a sign or marking on the pavement indicating
where the stop must be made, but in the absence of any such sign or marking the stop must
be made at the signal.
(c) When a traffic-control signal indication or indications placed to control a certain
movement or lane are so identified by placing a sign near the indication or indications, no other
traffic-control signal indication or indications within the intersection controls vehicular traffic
for that movement or lane.
Subd. 6. pedestrian control signal. (a) Whenever special pedestrian-control signals
exhibiting the words "Walk" or "Don't Walk" or symbols of a "walking person" or "upraised
hand" are in place, the signals or symbols indicate as follows:
(1) A steady "Walk" signal or the symbol of a "walking person" indicates that a pedestrian
facing either of these signals may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal,
possibly in conflict with turning vehicles. Every driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to
such pedestrian except that the pedestrian shall yield the right-of-way to vehicles lawfully within
the intersection at the time that either signal indication is first shown.
(2) A "Don't Walk" signal or the symbol of an "upraised hand," flashing or steady, indicates
that a pedestrian shall not start to cross the roadway in the direction of either signal, but any
pedestrian who has partially crossed on the "Walk" or "walking person" signal indication shall
proceed to a sidewalk or safety island while the signal is showing.
(b) A pedestrian crossing a roadway in conformity with this section is lawfully within the
intersection and, when in a crosswalk, is lawfully within the crosswalk.
169.31 STOP AT SIDEWALK.
The driver of a vehicle within a business or residence district emerging from an alley,
driveway, or building shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving onto a sidewalk or into
the sidewalk area and shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and all other traffic on the
169.201 YIELD SIGN.
The driver of a vehicle approaching a YIELD sign shall slow to a speed that is reasonable
for conditions of traffic and visibility, and stop if necessary, and yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian legally crossing the roadway, and to all vehicles on the intersecting street or highway
which are so close as to constitute an immediate hazard.
169.202 BLIND PERSON CARRYING WHITE CANE.
Subdivision 1. Limitation on carrying. It shall be unlawful for any person to carry a white
painted cane unless said person is a blind person.
Subd. 2. Blind pedestrian has right-of-way. Any person operating a motor vehicle in
this state shall bring such motor vehicle to a stop and give the right-of-way at any intersection
of any street, avenue, alley or other public highway to a blind pedestrian who is carrying a cane
predominantly white or metallic in color, with or without red tip, or using a guide dog, when such
blind person enters said intersection.
169.212 OPERATION OF ELECTRIC PERSONAL ASSISTIVE MOBILITY DEVICES.
Subdivision 1. Rights and responsibilities of pedestrians. Except as otherwise provided
by law, a person operating an electric personal assistive mobility device has the rights and
responsibilities of a pedestrian.
Subd. 2. Operation. (a) An electric personal assistive mobility device may be operated on
a bicycle path.
(b) No person may operate an electric personal assistive mobility device on a roadway,
sidewalk, or bicycle path at a rate of speed that is not reasonable and prudent under the conditions.
Every person operating an electric personal assistive mobility device on a roadway, sidewalk, or
bicycle path is responsible for becoming and remaining aware of the actual and potential hazards
then existing on the roadway or sidewalk and must use due care in operating the device.
(c) An electric personal assistive mobility device may be operated on a roadway only:
(1) while making a direct crossing of a roadway in a marked or unmarked crosswalk;
(2) where no sidewalk is available;
(3) where a sidewalk is so obstructed as to prevent safe use;
(4) when so directed by a traffic control device or by a peace officer; or
(5) temporarily in order to gain access to a motor vehicle.
(d) An electric personal assistive mobility device may not be operated at any time on a
roadway with a speed limit of more than 35 miles per hour except to make a direct crossing of
the roadway in a marked crosswalk.
(e) An electric personal assistive mobility device may not be operated at any time while
carrying more than one person.
(f) A person operating an electric personal assistive mobility device on a sidewalk must yield
the right-of-way to pedestrians at all times. A person operating an electric personal assistive
mobility device on a bicycle path must yield the right-of-way to bicycles at all times.
Subd. 3. Reflectors. An electric personal assistive mobility device may not be operated
unless the device bears reflectorized material on the front, back, and wheels, visible at night from
600 feet when illuminated by the lower beams of headlamps of a motor vehicle.
Subd. 4. Local regulation. A local road authority may not further regulate the operation
of electric personal assistive mobility devices, except that a local road authority may allow and
regulate the operation of these devices on roadways within its jurisdiction that have a speed
limit of more than 35 miles per hour.
169.219 PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS.
The commissioner of public safety shall include in the department's series of public service
announcements information that educates the public about traffic regulations that are frequently
violated, including the requirement for a vehicle driver to stop to yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian in a crosswalk. The commissioner shall distribute these announcements for broadcast
in this state on radio and television.
169.222 OPERATION OF BICYCLE.
Subd. 4. Riding on roadway or shoulder. (a) Every person operating a bicycle upon a
roadway shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except
under any of the following situations:
(1) when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction;
(2) when preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway;
(3) when reasonably necessary to avoid conditions, including fixed or moving objects,
vehicles, pedestrians, animals, surface hazards, or narrow width lanes, that make it unsafe to
continue along the right-hand curb or edge.
(b) If a bicycle is traveling on a shoulder of a roadway, the bicycle shall travel in the same
direction as adjacent vehicular traffic.
(c) Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway or shoulder shall not ride more than two abreast
and shall not impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic and, on a laned roadway,
shall ride within a single lane.
(d) A person operating a bicycle upon a sidewalk, or across a roadway or shoulder on a
crosswalk, shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give an audible signal when
necessary before overtaking and passing any pedestrian. No person shall ride a bicycle upon a
sidewalk within a business district unless permitted by local authorities. Local authorities may
prohibit the operation of bicycles on any sidewalk or crosswalk under their jurisdiction.
(e) An individual operating a bicycle or other vehicle on a bikeway shall leave a safe distance
when overtaking a bicycle or individual proceeding in the same direction on the bikeway, and
shall maintain clearance until safely past the overtaken bicycle or individual.
(f) A person lawfully operating a bicycle on a sidewalk, or across a roadway or shoulder
on a crosswalk, shall have all the rights and duties applicable to a pedestrian under the same
Subd. 9. Bicycle parking. (a) A person may park a bicycle on a sidewalk unless prohibited
or restricted by local authorities. A bicycle parked on a sidewalk shall not impede the normal and
reasonable movement of pedestrian or other traffic.
(b) A bicycle may be parked on a roadway at any location where parking is allowed if it is
parked in such a manner that it does not obstruct the movement of a legally parked motor vehicle.
169.2151 PEDESTRIAN SAFETY CROSSINGS.
A local road authority may provide by ordinance for the designation of pedestrian
safety crossings on highways under the road authority's jurisdiction where pedestrian safety
considerations require extra time for pedestrian crossing in addition to the time recommended
under the Minnesota Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for pedestrian signals. The
ordinance may provide for timing of pedestrian signals for such crossings, consistent with the
recommendations of the uniform manual for pedestrian signal timing at senior citizen and
disabled pedestrian crossings. Cities other than cities of the first class may designate a pedestrian
safety crossing only with the approval of the road authority having jurisdiction over the crossing.
The authority of local road authorities to determine pedestrian signal timing under this section is
in addition to any other control exercised by local road authorities over the timing of pedestrian
306.14 TAXES; ROADS; SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS.
Subdivision 1. Tax exemption.
The lands and property of any such cemetery association are exempt from all public taxes and assessments, and shall not be sold on execution against the association or any lot owner. The owners of cemetery lots, their heirs or legal representatives, may hold the lots exempt from taxation so long as the lots are used for a cemetery. No road or street shall be laid through the cemetery, or any part of the lands of the association without the consent of the trustees.
Subd. 2. Special assessments.
Subdivision 1 does not exempt cemetery property owned or leased by a corporation, association, partnership, proprietorship, or other organization from any special assessment unless the corporation, association, partnership, proprietorship or other organization:
(1) was formed for a purpose not involving pecuniary gain to its shareholders or members; and
(2) pays no dividends or other pecuniary remuneration directly or indirectly to its shareholders or members as such.
445.20. Duty elsewhere. (a) The person having the care, custody or control of any building or lot (except one- and two-family dwellings) adjoining, abutting or bordering on any street located within the city shall, within the first four (4) hours of daytime after the ceasing to fall of any snow, cause the snow and/or ice to be removed from the sidewalk adjoining said building or lot.
(b) The owners, occupants or persons having the care, custody and control of any building that is a one- or two-family dwelling shall cause the snow and/or ice to be removed from the public sidewalk abutting or adjoining the lot upon which such building is situated, within the first twenty-four (24) hours after the ceasing to fall of any snow, and shall cause sand to be sprinkled on the sidewalk where there is snow or ice upon the sidewalk that cannot be removed. (Code 1960, As Amend., § 580.020; Ord. of 9-12-74, § 3; Ord. of 12-12-75, § 2; 80-Or-184, § 1, 8-8-80; 80-Or-283, § 1, 11-26-80)
445.30. Penalty; "daytime" defined. (a) Any person who violates, disobeys, omits or neglects, or refuses to comply with any of the provisions of this chapter shall be in violation of this Code and guilty of a petty misdemeanor, and each and every hour after the expiration of said four-hour daytime period, or twenty-four-hour period in case of a violation of section 445.20(b), that the snow shall remain on such sidewalk, shall be deemed to be a separate violation of this Code.
(b) "Daytime" for the purposes of this section shall be the period of time from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (Code 1960, As Amend., § 580.030; Ord. of 9-12-74, § 4; Ord. of 10-10-75, § 1; 80-Or-184, § 2, 8-8-80)
445.35. Removal by city; assessment of costs. The city engineer is authorized to remove any snow or ice remaining on the public sidewalks of the city more than twenty-four (24) hours after the ceasing to fall of any snow. The city engineer shall determine the cost of such snow removal, and the owner of the lot abutting the sidewalk from which the city has removed snow shall be charged for said cost. If said charges are not paid within ninety (90) days after a bill of charges has been mailed to the owner, the city council shall assess and levy, and cause to be collected, the amount of such charges as a special assessment upon and against the lands and buildings involved, in the manner as provided by law for the levy and collection of other special assessments, payable in one sum and assessed, levied and collected in the city. (80-Or-184, § 3, 8-8-80)
445.40. Duty of certain licensees; failure to comply grounds for revocation of license. Every person carrying on any business, profession, vocation, calling, parking lot or other service within the city which requires a license or permit from the city, and for the service of such business, profession, vocation, calling, parking lot or other service a curb cut or driveway over a public street or boulevard or other public way is required, shall keep and maintain the driveway leading into the place of such business, profession, vocation, calling, parking lot or other service, and the public sidewalk immediately adjoining such place of business, profession, vocation, calling, parking lot or other service free and clear of all snow, ice and other debris. In
Last updated Sep 27, 2011